CPT – Carriage Paid To Incoterms® 2020: A Comprehensive Guide

Explore the world of CPT Incoterms® 2020. Learn how these trade terms simplify international transactions and protect your shipments with comprehensive insurance coverage.

WhatsApp Channel Join Now
Telegram Group Join Now
Instagram Group Join Now


Choosing the correct trade conditions is critical in the world of international trade to ensure a smooth and successful transaction. CPT – Carriage Paid To is one of the internationally recognized Incoterms® 2020. In this comprehensive study, we will go into the specifics of CPT Incoterms, how they work, and why they are so important in global trade.

Understanding CPT Incoterms® 2020

What Are CPT Incoterms?

CPT is a term for “Carriage Paid To,” and it refers to a set of international trade regulations established in Incoterms® 2020. These phrases expressly outline both purchasers’ and sellers’ duties in terms of costs, risks, and the delivery of products to an agreed-upon location. The seller is responsible for organizing and paying for the carriage of goods to the specified destination under CPT.

How Does CPT Benefit Buyers?

  • Risk Transfer: When items are delivered to the carrier for shipment, the risk is transferred from the seller to the buyer. This means that buyers have more control over the products’ transit and, if necessary, can arrange for their insurance coverage.
  • Flexible Transport: Buyers can choose the mode of transportation that best matches their demands and financial concerns, offering them flexibility in logistics management.
  • Clear Cost Allocation: CPT clarifies cost allocation for buyers, making it easier to budget for foreign transactions.

How Does CPT Benefit Sellers?

  • Competitive edge: Sellers who use CPT may get a competitive edge by providing a complete solution that includes carriage to the destination.
  • Risk Mitigation: Sellers can reduce their exposure to potential losses during transit because their responsibility stops once the products are handed over to the carrier.
  • Versatile Use: CPT is adaptable and may be used for a variety of forms of transportation, giving vendors access to a worldwide market.

Is CPT Suitable for Small Businesses?

Yes, CPT Incoterms are appropriate for companies of all sizes, including small firms. The explicit division of costs and risk in CPT terms advantages both small and large enterprises involved in international trade.

What Documents Are Associated with CPT?

The commercial invoice, bill of lading, and any other paperwork required by the buyer or importing nation are common documents related to CPT transactions.

Can CPT Be Combined with Other Incoterms?

Yes, CPT words can be used in conjunction with other Incoterms, particularly in complex multinational transactions. However, it is critical to precisely outline each party’s responsibilities in the contract.

Example of CPT

Exporting Onion from Nashik to Dubai – CPT Incoterms® 2020

Step 1: Find a buyer

The first step is to find a buyer of onions in Dubai. You can search online or contact your local chamber of commerce for recommendations.

Step 2: Agree on the terms of the sale

Once you have found a buyer, you need to agree on the terms of the sale, including the price, quantity, quality, and delivery terms. Be sure to specify that you want to use CPT Incoterms® 2020.

Step 3: Arrange payment

Once you have agreed to the terms of the sale, you need to arrange payment. You can do this by bank transfer, wire transfer, or credit card.

Step 4: Arrange shipping

You need to arrange shipping of the onions from JNPT Port to Dubai. You can do this by contacting a shipping company or freight forwarder.

Step 5: Purchase insurance

The buyer is responsible for purchasing insurance to cover the goods in transit. However, the seller may assist the buyer with this process.

Step 6: Prepare the export documentation

You will need to prepare the following export documentation:

  • Commercial invoice
  • Packing list
  • Bill of lading
  • Certificate of origin
  • Other documentation required by the customs authorities of the importing country

Step 7: Clear customs

You will need to clear the goods through customs at JNPT Port. You will need to provide the customs authorities with the necessary documentation, such as the commercial invoice, packing list, and bill of lading.

Step 8: Load the goods onto the vessel

Once the goods have cleared customs, you will need to load them onto the vessel that will be transporting them to Dubai.

Step 9: Notify the buyer

Once the goods have been loaded onto the vessel, you need to notify the buyer. You should provide the buyer with the bill of lading and other relevant documentation.

Step 10: Receive payment

Once the goods have arrived in Dubai and the buyer has cleared them through customs, you will receive payment.

Additional considerations

  • Be sure to get everything in writing, including the terms of the sale, the payment terms, and the shipping instructions.
  • It is a good idea to have the goods inspected by a third-party inspector before they are shipped. This will help to ensure that the goods are of the agreed quality and quantity.
  • The buyer should purchase insurance to cover the goods in transit. However, the seller may assist the buyer with this process.


  • You are an exporter of onions in India. You have an order for 100 MT of onions from a buyer in Dubai. You agree on a price of USD 500 per ton and delivery terms of CPT Dubai Port.
  • You arrange payment from the buyer via bank transfer. You contact a shipping company and arrange for the onions to be shipped from JNPT Port to Dubai Port.
  • The buyer purchases insurance to cover the onions in transit.
  • You prepare the necessary export documentation and clear the goods through customs at JNPT Port.
  • You load the onions onto the vessel and notify the buyer.
  • The onions arrive in Dubai and the buyer clears them through customs. You receive payment from the buyer.

FAQs Carriage Paid To (CPT):

  1. Q: What is CPT Carriage Paid To Incoterms® 2020?

    Ans: Carriage Paid To is an abbreviation for Carriage Paid To. It is an Incoterms rule requiring the seller to deliver the items to the transporter at the specified location. All charges and duties up to the moment of delivery, including shipping, are the seller’s responsibility.

  2. Q: What are the key obligations of the seller under CPT?

    Ans: The seller’s key obligations under CPT are to:
    1. Deliver the goods to the carrier at the named place of delivery.
    2. Clear the goods for export.
    3. Pay all costs and duties up to the point of delivery, including the cost of transportation.

  3. Q: What are the key obligations of the buyer under CPT?

    Ans: The buyer’s key obligations under CPT are to:
    1. Pay for the goods.
    2. Take delivery of the goods at the named place of delivery.
    3. Clear the goods for import.
    4. Pay all costs and duties from the point of delivery onwards.

  4. Q: What are the risks and benefits of CPT for sellers?

    Ans: CPT is an Incoterms rule that favors sellers. The biggest risk for the seller is that they must deliver the items to the carrier and pay all charges and tariffs up to the moment of delivery. The seller, on the other hand, has the advantage of being able to control the transit of the products and choose the carrier.

  5. Q: What are the risks and benefits of CPT for buyers?

    Ans: CPT is an Incoterms rule that favors buyers. The biggest risk for the buyer is that they are responsible for clearing the products for importation as well as paying all charges and duties from the time of delivery onward. However, the buyer has the option of having the products delivered to their specified location.

  6. Q: What are some examples of goods that are commonly shipped under CPT?

    Ans: CPT is a commonly used Incoterms rule for shipping a wide variety of goods, including:
    1. Machinery and equipment
    2. Automotive parts
    3. Electronics
    4. Consumer goods
    5. Food and agricultural products


CPT Incoterms® 2020 is a good choice for exporters who want to be responsible for the carriage of goods up to the named location of delivery. This can be beneficial for exporters who are unfamiliar with the shipping process or lack the resources to arrange shipping on their own.

If you are considering using CPT Incoterms® 2020, it is important to consult with a qualified trade professional to understand your specific needs and responsibilities.

If you discover an error in the “CPT – Carriage Paid To Incoterms®2020: A Comprehensive Guide” information provided to us, please notify us immediately via the comment box and email; if the information provided by you is correct, We will change it.

If you enjoyed this article, please share it with your friends. Please visit Aayat Niryat Mitra for more information on this and other topics. Thank you for stopping by.

Leave a comment